Samuel M. Stayman (May 28, 1909 – December 11, 1993) was an American bridge player, writer, and administrator. He is best known for Stayman, one of the world's most popular bidding conventions; indeed, a day after writing his obituary Alan Truscott called him "the player best known in the world".
The Stayman convention is a standard response to a natural 1NT or 2NT opening, developed by Samuel Stayman in 1945. In its most basic form, it is an asking bid, asking partner to bid a 4-card major suit or 2 ♦.
How is a non-forcing Stayman different from a forced Stayman?
In the forcing Stayman variant, the bid is one-round forcing. In the original Precision Club system, forcing and non-forcing Stayman are differentiated in the start: 2 ♣ by responder shows only invitational values (and the continuation is the same as in basic Stayman), while 2 ♦ is forcing to game (responder bids 2NT without majors).
When to use the Stayman convention in contract bridge?
Stayman is a bidding convention in the card game contract bridge. It is used by a partnership to find a 4-4 or 5-3 trump fit in a major suit after making a one notrump (1NT) opening bid and it has been adapted for use after a 2NT opening, a 1NT overcall, and many other natural notrump bids.
When to use a garbage Stayman or Crawling Stayman?
"Garbage" Stayman (or "Weak Stayman" or "Rescue Stayman") and "Crawling" Stayman are adaptations of Stayman frequently used for damage control when holding a weak hand opposite a 1NT opening bid. For example, on the following hand.