Typically, you will need local and federal clearance to adopt a child. This will vary from country to country. In the U.S., for example, you will be subject to a background check by both your state and the FBI. If you have an arrest on your record, you will need to write a letter explaining it.
How many children are adopted in the United States?
Approximately 120,000 children are adopted each year in the United States. Children with physical, developmental, or emotional handicaps who were once considered difficult to place with a new family are now being adopted ("special needs adoptions").
A main reason for parents, with low income, to give their children up for adoption is that they hope their children can receive enough food, a home, education and find themselves in better living conditions. Other reasons for children to be given up for adoption are not always optional for the parents.
Domestic public agency adoption is less costly, but it can be time consuming and require special training courses. Independent non-agency adoptions are an easier option. They put control of the adoption in the hands of prospective parents by allowing them to select a birth mother and negotiate the terms of the adoption.